Laws every Indian citizen should be aware of

Here are a few laws  every Indian citizen should be aware of.

  1. Being not aware of a law is no defense and you cannot plead saying did not know of the particular law. So be aware.
  2. Plan to buy a property. Apart from doing legal research giving a public notice in the local newspaper of any language (English, hindi or local) is a must. It will protect you against any litigation in court.
  3. Cheque bounced; send a notice through your lawyer within 30 days. After the concerned person receives the notice, he needs to pay the money within 15 days or a criminal case can be filed against him.
  4. Want to file a civil case do it within 3 years from the incident, it is the Limitation Act. For example if there is breach of contract, file a case within 3 years of the refusal to honour the contract. Or your case is most likely to be dismissed.
  5. If you have been challaned in a day for traffic rule violation, you can’t be fined again before midnight. But that is no reason to violate traffic rules and drive or ride unsafe.
  6. If a person is arrested he must be produced before the magistrate within 24 hours. And he also has the right to know the reason of his arrest.
  7. Public display of affection which is considered obscene can land you with imprisonment up to 3 years. However the word obscene remains undefined and couples are often harassed by cops.
  8. Live in relationships are not illegal in India neither is pre-marital sex if the people concerned are consenting adults. Children born out of live in relationships also have equal right to parental property.
  9. Register all your documents related to any immovable property like rent agreement, sale deed, and gift deed. Registering the property document in sub-registrar’s office can save you from litigation. So don’t just notarize to save money.
  10. MRP is the max retail price a consumer can be charged, if you bargain you can buy for less.
  11. There are no traffic violation laws for non-motorised vehicles like cycle & rickshaws since they don’t fall under Motor Vehicles Act.

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